確定性副詞

確定性副詞會透露講話者對某件事的確信度。確定性副詞會出現在主要動詞前,但如果主要動詞是 Be 動詞時則放在後面。這類副詞有 certainly、definitely、probably、undoubtedly、surely 等。

舉例
  • He definitely left the house this morning.
  • He surely won't forget.
  • He is probably in the park.
  • He is certainly a smart man.

如果有助動詞,確定性副詞就會放在助動詞和主要動詞之間。

舉例
  • He has certainly forgotten the meeting.
  • He will probably remember tomorrow.
  • He is definitely running late.

有時這類副詞也可以放在句首。

舉例
  • Undoubtedly, Winston Churchill was a great politician.
  • Certainly, I will be there.
  • Probably, he has forgotten the meeting.

當確定性副詞 surely 放在句首,就表示講話者認定某件事是真實的,但期望得到確認。

舉例
  • Surely you've got a bicycle.
  • Surely you're not going to wear that to the party.