用 going 表達未來

型態

當我們用有 going 的詞組來談論未來時,這樣的形式是由三個要素組成:
Be 動詞依主詞做詞形變化 + going + 主要動詞的不定詞

主詞 + to be(依主詞做詞形變化) + going + 不定詞
She is going to leave.
I am going to stay.
肯定句
He is going to jog.
否定句
He is not going to jog.
疑問句
Is he going to jog?
否定疑問句
Isn't he going to jog?

作用

用 going 來論及未來的事,表示這件事與現在有很緊密的聯繫。表達的事情是根據現在已知的事,確切時間並不重要,只透露是未來會發生的事。going 主要用來論及計畫和意圖,或根據現在的跡象來做預測。在日常談話上,特別是美式英語,going 常被縮減為「gonna」,但絕對不能用在正式書寫上。

用 going 表達計畫和意圖
舉例
  • Is Freddy going to buy a new car soon?
  • Are John and Pam going to visit Milan when they are in Italy?
  • I think Nigel and Mary are going to have a party next week.
  • We are going to have dinner together tomorrow.
  • Aren't you going to stay at the library until your report is finished?
用 going 表達預測
舉例
  • He's going to be a brilliant politician.
  • I'm going to have a hard time falling asleep.
  • You're going to be sorry you said that.
  • Is it going to rain this afternoon?
  • Aren't they going to come to the party?