分級量詞

分級量詞讓我們能對兩件事的量做比較,但不會具體指出兩件事的確切數量。分級量詞後接的是名詞,而可數名詞和不可數名詞會需要用上不同的量詞。有時候,如果從語境中可以明確地知道比較的名詞是何物,則可以省略名詞。

分級量詞有比較級和最高級之分,其比較的是某個特性(形容詞)的程度,或比較做某件事情的方式(副詞)程度。分級量詞(如比較級和最高級)在增加或減少的等級上,都有相應的位置。句中最高級量詞前面一律加 the。

量詞 比較級 最高級
如果後面是複數的可數名詞
many more most
few fewer fewest
如果後面是不可數名詞
much more most
little less least
舉例
  • There are many people in England, more people in India, but the most people live in China.
  • Much time and money is spent on education, more on health services but the most is spent on national defence.
  • Few rivers in Europe are not polluted.
  • Fewer people die young now than in the seventeenth century.
  • The country with the fewest people per square kilometre must be Australia.
  • Scientists have little hope of finding a complete cure for cancer before the year 2020.
  • She had less time to study than Paul but had better results.
  • Give that dog the least opportunity and it will bite you.