不定、不完整的量

當要描述一個不定或不完整的量時,可以在可數和不可數名詞前用 some 和 any。

some 的用法

some 可以用於描述句。

例句
  • I had some rice for lunch.
  • He got some books from the library.
  • I will have some news next week.
  • Philip wants some help with his exams.
  • There is some butter in the fridge.

當您對問題的答案已經心裡有數,就可以在疑問句用 some。

例句
  • Did he give you some tea? = 我認為他給了。
  • Is there some fruit juice in the fridge? = 我認為有。
  • Would you like some help? = 你可能想。
  • Will you have some roast beef? = 你可能要。

要求對方提供某物,可以在疑問句用 some。

例句
  • Could I have some books, please?
  • Why don't you take some apples home with you?
  • Would you like some tea?
  • Will you have some cake?

any 的用法

當不知道答案時,疑問句中會用到 any。

例句
  • Do you have any friends in London?
  • Do they have any children?
  • Do you want any groceries from the shop?
  • Are there any problems with your work?

any 和 not 也可以同時出現在否定句中,any 可以強調了整句的否定性,讓語氣更絕對。

例句
  • She doesn't want any kitchen appliances for Christmas.
  • They don't need any help moving to their new house.
  • I don't want any cake.
  • There isn't any reason to complain.