疑問句改為轉述句

字詞順序

一般轉述疑問句的字詞順序是將主詞調到動詞前,而且不必再使用 do 或 did:

舉例
直述句 轉述句
"Where does Peter live?" She asked him where Peter lived.
"Where are you going?" She asked where I was going.
"Why is she crying?" He asked why she was crying.
Yes/No 問句

這類問句會用 ask + if / whether + 子句來轉述:

舉例
直述句 轉述句
"Do you speak English?" He asked me if I spoke English.
"Are you British or American?" He asked me whether I was British or American.
"Is it raining?" She asked if it was raining.
"Have you got a computer?" He wanted to know whether I had a computer.
"Can you type?" She asked if I could type.
"Did you come by train?" He enquired whether I had come by train.
"Have you been to Bristol before?" She asked if I had been to Bristol before.
疑問詞

這類問句會用 ask(或其他類似 ask 的動詞)+ 疑問詞 + 子句來轉述。子句含問句的內容,動詞要移到最後面,並在必要時改變動詞的時態。

舉例
直述句 轉述句
"What is your name?" he asked me. He asked me what my name was.
"How old is your mother?", he asked. He asked how old her mother was.
The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" The policeman asked the boy where he lived.
"What time does the train arrive?" she asked. She asked what time the train arrived.
"When can we have dinner?" she asked. She asked when they could have dinner.
Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Peter asked John why he was so late.