後接動名詞的動詞

動名詞一般會用在幾種動詞後,而最常見的幾個動詞就列在下表。所有這些動詞後都可以用名詞來代替動名詞。切記,在句中的動名詞就跟名詞的作用一樣,而其中有些動詞後面可以接 that 子句。需要特別說明用法的動詞都以超連結顯示,點進去即可閱覽詳盡的說明。

可以接名詞或動名詞的動詞
avoid celebrate consider contemplate defer delay detest
dislike dread enjoy entail escape excuse finish
forgive involve keep loathe mind miss pardon
postpone prevent resent resist risk save stop
舉例
  • I avoid going to the dentist.
  • I avoid chocolate.
  • I miss taking walks in the morning.
  • I miss England.
  • I have finished working.
  • I have finished the cake.
可以接名詞、動名詞或 that 子句的動詞
acknowledge admit anticipate appreciate deny imagine mean
mention propose recall recollect report suggest understand
舉例
  • I can't imagine living in that big house.
  • I can't imagine a purple unicorn in my yard.
  • I can't imagine that he lied on purpose.
  • I understand French.
  • I understand fishing pretty well.
  • I understand that you would prefer to stay.

有些動詞後面可以接動名詞也可接不定詞。在這樣的情況下,有的動詞無論後面接哪一種,意思都會一樣;而有的動詞使用不同類的詞,會改變整個句子的意思。關於這方面,可以參考這兩頁:「可接動名詞或不定詞的動詞,而語意不變」,以及「可接動名詞和不定詞的動詞,但語意不同」